SAST & AHP METHOD IN DETERMINING THE BEST STRATEGY OF OFFICE ERGONOMICS PROGRAM IMPROVEMENT TO PREVENT RISK OF MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS AT XYZ COMPANY QATAR
Ergonomics Program has been recommended by many studies as one of the main guidelines in equipping employees at work to prevent injuries and health problems. One of the main benefits gained from implementing the Ergonomics Program is that it reduces the risk of injury by adapting work that suit to human, not forcing human to adapt to work. Offices that are designed using ergonomic principles can improve performance and reduce workplace injuries such as musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs).
This study aims to obtain strategies of Office Ergonomics Program Improvement to prevent risk of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) cases in XYZ Company Qatar. The research approach was conducted through qualitative descriptive using expert based approach (System of System Methodology - SoSM). The study began by analyzing data on MSDs cases and sick leave related to MSDs. The results of analysis are taken into consideration when collecting assumptions for office ergonomics program improvement and its level of importance and certainty. The method used is Strategic Assumption Surfacing and Testing (SAST). Prioritizing of strategic assumptions are determined using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The data obtained were analyzed using Software Expert Choice 11. The results of analysis showed that Policy and procedure had the greatest value with 0.256, while the work station was 0.219, health check-up 0.059, awareness program 0.087, regular exercise 0.202, training 0.088 and supervision / monitoring 0.089.
Kholil, 2018. Pendekatan Holistik dan Model Dinamik: Untuk Masalah yang Komplek. (1st ed.). Jakarta, Yayasan Komunikasi Pasca Tiga belas Sahid Sudirman Center 11th Floor Suite A. Jl. Jenderal Sudirman Kav.86. Jakarta., INA: Indigo Media. doi:ISBN 978 602 52218 1 1.
Kholil, Susanti, S. L., & Soecahyadi. 2016. Potential leading resource in Padang Panjang city. The development of regional economic based on Soft System Methodology (SSM). Journal of Scientific research and reports, 9 (7), 1-8. King, F. (2013).
Kholil, Sukamdani, N.B, Sulistyadi, K., Nunung. 2016. Model Development of Home Industries Into Increase Business Scale Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) : A Case Study in Kendal Regency Central Java, Indonesia, British Journal of Economics, Management and Trade, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp: 1-8
Kholil, Sulistyadi, K., and Dini A.S. 2017. Gender-responsive of micro enterprise development strategy using sast (strategic assumption surfacing and testing) and ism (interpretative structural modeling). International Journal of Development Research Vol 07, Issue 12 pp 17830 - 17834
Kuswantoro, A. 2017. Manajemen Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Perkantoran. CV Alfabeta. Bandung.
Laksmi., Gani, F .,dan Budiantoro. 2015. Manajemen Perkantoran Modern. PT Raja Grafindo Persada. Jakarta.
Mahmud N. Kenny DT. Heard T. 2011. Office Ergonomics Awareness and Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms among Office Workers in the Universiti Teknologi Malaysia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences 8 · January 2011
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/223995090_Office_ergonomics_ awareness_and_prevalence_of_musculoskeletal_disorders_among_office_ workers_in_the_Universiti_Teknologi_Malaysia_A_cross_sectional_study
Mahmud, N .2011. The Effects Of Office Ergonomic Training On Musculoskeletal Complaints, Sickness Absence, And Psychological Well-Being: A Cluster Randomized Control Trial. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health.
Nuraida, I. 2014. Manajemen Administrasi Perkantoran. PT. Kanisius. Yogyakarta
O’Neil, M. (2011). “Office Ergonomics standards; a layperson’s guide” Available online at http://www.knoll.com/research/downloads/WP_ErgoStandards.pdf [Accessed 1 April, 2018]
Saaty, T., & Vargas, L. 2012. Model, Methods, Concepts & Applications of the AHP. International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. New York: Springer:Science & Busines Media
Saaty, Thomas L. 2008. Decision making With The Analytic Hierarchy Process.University of Pittsburgh. USA The International Ergonomics Association (IEA). 2019. “What is Ergonomics”, https://www.iea.cc/whats/index.html (Accessed on 01 November 2018).
Washington State Department for Labor and Industry. 2002. “Office Ergonomics: Practical solutions for a safer workplace.” Labor & Industries (L&I), Washington State. < https://www.lni.wa.gov/IPUB/417-133-000.pdf>. [Accessed 1 May, 2018]
Winnie. 2014. Five Critical Elements for Managing an Ergonomics. The American Society of Safety Professionals Journal, 4(3). Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/bbbd/29682e1c65fde45dea3da1c629eb9 56763f.pdf [Accessed 15 April, 2018]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.